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Medial collateral ligament (MCL) injury
A medial collateral ligament (MCL) injury is when the ligament on the inner part of the knee is injured. It can be a stretch, partial tear, or complete tear of the ligament. The medial collateral ligament (MCL) goes from the inside surface of the upper shin bone to the inner surface of the bottom thigh bone. The ligament helps keep the inside portion of the knee joint stable.
The MCL is usually injured by pressure or stress on the outside part of the knee or a block to the outside part of the knee.
The MCL is often injured at the same time as when an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury occurs. Symptoms of a tear in the medial collateral ligament are knee swelling, pain and tenderness along the inside of the joint or when the knee gives way or feels like it is going to give way when it is active. Swelling is less common.